Fauna & Flora

Find out more about our fauna and flora at Sirhowy Valley Woodlands, from butterflies to moths, foxes to hedgehogs, we have a comprehensive database of all wildlife species within our woodlands.

Fauna & Flora A to Z


  • Population: Common
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Aeshna juncea The common hawker is a large hawker dragonfly which is on the wing from the end of June through to October. It is a spe..

  • Population: Common
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Lasius niger The Black Garden Ant is common in many habitats, including gardens where nests form under paving stones, in soil and bet..

  • Population: Common.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Lasius flavus The Yellow Meadows Ant is familiar to us as the common ant that creates anthills in grassland and downland habitats, bu..

  • Population: Classified in the UK as an Amber List species under the Birds of Conservation Concern review.
    Widespread, although absent from northern Scotland and Northern Ireland.

    Scientific name: Picus viridis The green woodpecker is a large woodpecker about the same size as a dove. Green woodpeckers nest in holes that they exc..

  • Population: Common
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Aegithalos caudatus Long-tailed Tits are tiny birds of hedgerows, woodland, parks and gardens. They build a domed nest in a bush or t..

  • Population: Common.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Parus major The largest of the UK’s tits, Great Tits are birds of woodland, parks and gardens where they nest in holes in trees..

  • Population: Common.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Parus ater Coal Tits are small tits of coniferous woodland mainly, although they will also appear in parks and gardens where there ar..

  • Population: Common
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Parus caeruleus Smaller than Great Tits, Blue Tits are also birds of woodland, parks and gardens where they nest in holes in trees, b..

  • Population: Classified in the UK as an Amber List species under the Birds of Conservation Concern review.

    Scientific name: Gallinago gallinago A medium-sized wader, Snipe live in marshes, wet grassland and moorlands, where they nest in simple scrapes. They..

  • Population: Common
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Carduelis spinus The Siskin is a relatively common, small finch of conifer woodlands and some mixed woods. In the winter, they gather..

  • Population: Classified in the UK as an Amber List species under the Birds of Conservation Concern review.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Anthus pratensis The meadow pipit is a very common nesting bird of moorland, heathland and rough grassland. In the autumn and winter ..

  • Population: Widespread across the UK
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Columba palumbus Our largest and most common pigeon, the woodpigeon is a familiar bird of gardens, parks, woodlands and farmlands rig..

  • Population:
    Found almost everywhere.

    Scientific name: Falco tinnunculus Kestrels are one of our best known bird of prey; a familiar sight hovering over the side of the road, on the lookou..

  • Population: Widespread, although absent from the north of Scotland.
    Jay
    England, Wales and Ireland

    Scientific name: Garrulus glandarius Jays are brightly coloured crows that can be found in woodland, parks and gardens. Surprisingly shy, their scream..

  • Population: Widespread across the UK
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Corvus monedula Our smallest crow, the Jackdaw is a bird of woodland, parkland, coasts and urban areas. The Jackdaw nests in holes in..

  • Population: Widespread across the UK
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Regulus regulus Goldcrests are tiny birds of conifer woodland, scrub, parks and gardens. As well as our own resident birds, large num..

  • Population: Widespread
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Prunella modularis The dunnock is a small bird, about the size of a robin, which is common in gardens, parks, hedgerows, scrub and al..

  • Population: Widespread. Absent from north-west Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man.
    England and Wales

    Scientific name: Corvus corone The crow that we are most familiar with, the Carrion Crow is all black and makes a hoarse, cawing sound. Carrion Crows ..

  • Population: Widespread across the UK
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Fringilla coelebs The Chaffinch is a very common, sparrow-sized finch of gardens, woodland, parks and farmland. Chaffinches build nea..

  • Population: Widespread across the UK
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Buteo buteo Buzzards suffered from persecution and pesticide poisoning in the early 20th century and until recently were only found i..

  • Population: Widely distributed over England, Wales, Scotland
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Turdus merula One of our most familiar thrushes, the melodious Blackbird is a common sight in gardens, parks and woodland across the ..

  • Population: Widespread and abundant throughout Great Britain
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Natrix natrix The grass snake is the largest species of British snake, and is identified by its olive green body and darkish spots or..

  • Population: Common. Well distributed throughout most of Britain and Ireland.
    Fox
    Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.

    Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes The fox has reddish-brown fur, a white chest and a bushy, white-tipped tail, called a brush. Its nose and ears are poin..

  • Population: Pre-breeding season estimated to be 40 million.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Orytolagus cuniculus Originally from Spain and south-west France, the rabbit was brought to England in the 12th century AD by the Nor..

  • Population: 313,000 territories
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Apamea monoglypha A highly coloured finch with a bright red face and yellow wing patch. Sociable, often breeding in loose colonies, t..

  • Population: 600,000 territories
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Eurasian magpie With its noisy chattering, black-and-white plumage and long tail, there is nothing else quite like the magpie in the ..

  • Population: Common
    Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.

    Scientific name: Rana temporaria Common Frogs are amphibians, coming to ponds to breed during the spring and spending much of the rest of the year fee..

  • Population: About 1.5 million (1.1M in England; 0.31M in Scotland; and 0.145M in Wales).
    widespread, from Britain and rest of Europe, except the far north, across to Russia. Absent from most Scottish islands. Introduced to New Zealand.

    Scientific name: Erinaceinae The hedgehog is the most easily one of the most recognised of British mammals yet they are steadily disappearing from the..

  • Population: Common and very well distributed throughout Britain
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Apamea monoglypha June to August sometimes with a partial second generation in the south from September to November. Common throughou..

  • Population: Locally distributed in most parts of mainland Britain the Isle of Man and in Ireland.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Hepialus fusconebulosa Late May to early July or early August in the north. Locally distributed throughout Great Britain. Named after..

  • Population: Common and well distributed throughout the British Isles
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Mesapamea secalis July to August. Common and well distributed throughout Britain. An extremely variable moth from yellowish brown to ..

  • Population: Well distributed and generally frequent across most of England, Wales, Ireland and lowland Scotland.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Campaea margaritata Two generations from late May to early August and early August to September. A usually pale-green moth although t..

  • Population: Common and well distributed throughout the British Isles
    England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Epirrhoe alternata May to October. Britain and Ireland. A small to medium-sized moth with white and dark grey pattern. Occurs in hedg..

  • Population: Common and well distributed throughout most of England and Wales
    England, Wales and Ireland

    Scientific name: Lomographa temerata May to early July. An attractive species well distributed in England, Wales, Ireland and the Channel Islands. The..

  • Population: Common and widespread throughout Britain, Ireland and the Channel Islands.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Noctua pronuba June to October. Common and resident to Britain with large numbers of migrants also often seen on the south coast. The..

  • Population: Common. Well distributed throughout most of Britain and Ireland.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Geometra papilionaria Late June to late August. Common and well distributed throughout Britain. The largest of the British emeralds. ..

  • Population: Well distributed throughout England, Wales
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Lomaspilis marginata June to July with occasional second generation from August onwards. Common and well distributed throughout Brita..

  • Population: One of the most abundant larger moths in Great Britain.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Agrotis exclamationis Two generations, most commonly from mid-May to early August with another second generation in September. Common..

  • Population: Common throughout southern Britain
    England, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Mesoligia furuncula July to September. Ireland, southern England, coastal Scotland and Ireland. A small moth of varying shades of bro..

  • Population: Widely distributed over England, Wales, Scotland
    England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Colostygia pectinataria May to September. Britain and Ireland. Small green moth, fades to yellow or white as moth ages. Found in a wi..

  • Population: Common and well distributed throughout most of England, Wales and Ireland
    England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Tyria jacobaeae May to August. Britain and Ireland. Medium-sized black moth, red markings on the forewing, hindwings mostly red. Ofte..

  • Population: Fairly well distributed in the southern half of England and south-east Wales
    England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Euclidia glyphica May to July. Britain and Ireland. Medium-sized, brown with orange-yellow hindwings. Lives on downland, flower-rich ..

  • Population: Well distributed throughout Great Britain and Ireland including the Isle of Man.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Hepialus humuli humuli June to early August. Common and well distributed throughout Great Britain with spp. Hepialus humuli thulensis..

  • Population: Well distributed and frequent throughout England, Wales
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Phalera bucephala Late May to July. Widespread and frequent throughout Britain, although more local in Scotland. An unmistakable moth..

  • Population: Widespread and abundant throughout Great Britain
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Ochropleura plecta Two generations between April and September. Common to England, Wales and Ireland, less frequent in Scotland at th..

  • Population: Common throughout Wales and England
    England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Habrosyne pyritoides Late June to early August. Common in Wales and England as far north as Cumbria and North Yorkshire but very rare..

  • Population: Common. Distributed throughout southern Britain, the Isle of Man and Ireland
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Axylia putris June to July. Common to Great Britain except in the far north where it is more local. An invariable species with straw ..

  • Population: Well distributed throughout most of England and Wales
    England and Wales

    Scientific name: Tethea ocularis Late May to July. Common in most of England and parts of Wales. The white edged ‘80’ on the forewings give this m..

  • Population: Common and very well distributed throughout England, Wales, Scotland
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Opisthograptis luteolata Two generations from April to May and August. Common to Great Britain and Ireland. An unmistakeable yellow m..

  • Population:
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Lacanobia oleracea May to late July with a second generation in the south from August to September. Common to England, Wales and Irel..

  • Population: Very widely and well distributed throughout England and Wales,
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Deilephila elpenor May to early August. This pink and olive-green moth is named after the caterpillar’s resemblance to an elephant..

  • Population: Well distributed throughout much of mainland Britain
    England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Bupalus piniaria May to June, but to early August in parts of northern Britain. Rests like a butterfly with wings held closed above t..

  • Population: Well distributed throughout England and Ireland
    England, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Euthrix potatoria July to August. Common and well distributed to England, becoming more coastal to the north and in Scotland. Their n..

  • Population: Well distributed in the southern section of England
    England and Wales

    Scientific name: Lymantria monacha Late July to August. Local to southern parts of England, East Anglia and west Wales. A distinctive moth with black ..

  • Population: Common and well distributed throughout most of Britain
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Xanthia togata September to October in the south, August to September in the north. Common throughout Great Britain. This moth is mos..

  • Population: Common and widespread in southern Britain and the southern half of Ireland.
    England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland

    Scientific name: Melanchra persicariae Late June to August. Common to southern Britain, more local in the north of its range. An unmistakeable moth wi..

  • Population: Common throughout Britain and Ireland
    England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland

    Scientific name: Cerapteryx graminis July to September. Britain and Ireland. A medium-sized, brown moth with an antler-like mark on the forewing. Foun..

  • Population: Widespread throughout Britain and Ireland. Distribution trend in Britain since the 1970s = -7%
    England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland

    Scientific name: Pieris rapae A small strong-flying butterfly, common and widespread throughout Britain and Ireland. Brilliant white wings with small ..

  • Population: Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = -3%
    England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland

    Scientific name: Aglais urticae Bright orange and black wings with white spot in forewing which separates it from the larger and much rarer Large Tort..

  • Population: Found throughout Britain and Ireland. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = -29%
    England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales

    Scientific name: Coenonympha pamphilus Small, yellow-orange, flies close to the ground. Perches with its wings closed. The Small Heath is an inconspic..

  • Population: Throughout Britain and Ireland except the uplands of northern Britain. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s: -16%
    England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales

    Scientific name: Lycaena phlaeas Bright copper with brown spots and brown margin. Undersides orange-brown with spots. The Small Copper is usually seen..

  • Population: Found everywhere apart from northern Scotland. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s: +16%
    England, Wales, Irleland and Scotland

    Scientific name: Aphantopus hyperantus Underwing has distinctive eyespots: white centre, black inner ring and outer yellow ring. When newly emerged, t..

  • Population: Found throughout Britain and Ireland. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = +17%
    England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales

    Scientific name: Aglais io Red wings with black markings and distinctive eyespots on tips of fore and hind wings. The Peacock’s spectacular patt..

  • Population: Widespread throughout Britain and Ireland, having spread considerably in Scotland over the past 30 years. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = +7%
    England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland

    Scientific name: Anthocharis cardamines Orange-tips are commonly seen in spring and early summer. Common and widespread, a medium sized butterfly of ..

  • Population: Throughout Britain and Ireland. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = -4%
    England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland

    Scientific name: Maniola jurtina Orange and brown, with black eyespot on forewing tip. Widespread and common throughout Britain and Ireland. Eyespots ..

  • Population: Widespread throughout Britain and Ireland. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = -7%
    England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland

    Scientific name: Pieris brassicae Common and widespread throughout Britain and Ireland. A large strong flying butterfly. Brilliant white wings with bl..

  • Population: Widespread throughout Britain and Ireland. Distribution trend since the 1970s = -1%
    England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

    Scientific name: Pieris napi Widespread and common throughout Britain and Ireland. Wings white with prominent greenish veins on hind wing. Upper wings..

  • Population: Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = Britain: -48%
    England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland

    Scientific name: Erynnis tages Moth-like in appearance, this small brown and grey butterfly is extremely well camouflaged on the bare ground on which ..

  • Population: Found throughout Britain and Ireland. Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = -15%
    England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales

    Scientific name: Polyommatus icarus Male has blue wings with black-brown border and thin white fringe. Female brown, similar to Brown Argus, but with ..

  • Population: 4 seen
    -

    Scientific name: Gonepteryx rhamni A medium-large butterfly of England, Wales and Ireland. Leaf-shaped wings. The Brimstone has spread in recent years..