Scientific name: Anthocharis cardamines
Orange-tips are commonly seen in spring and early summer.
Common and widespread, a medium sized butterfly of gardens and hedgerows. The males are unmistakeable; white butterflies with bright orange wing tips. Females are white with black wing tips. Both have mottled green underwings. Small Whites are similar to the female but without underwing markings.
Size and Family
- Family: Whites and yellows
- Size: Medium
- Wing Span Range (male to female): 45-50mm
- Butterfly Conservation priority: Low
- European status: Not threatened
Several crucifers are used, especially Cuckooflower (Cardamine pratensis) in damp meadows and Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) along road verges and ditches. Occasionally, it uses Hedge Mustard (Sisymbrium officinale), Winter-cress (Barbarea vulgaris), Turnip (Brassica rapa), Charlock (Sinapis avensis), Large Bitter-cress (C. amara), and Hairy Rock-cress (Arbis hirsuta). In addition it lays its eggs on Honesty (Lunaria annua) and Dame’s-violet (Hesperis matronalis) in gardens, but larval survival is thought to be poor on these plants.
Orange-tips prefer damp habitats such as meadows, woodland glades, hedgerows and the banks of streams and rivers, but readily visits gardens.
- Countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland
- Widespread throughout Britain and Ireland, having spread considerably in Scotland over the past 30 years
- Distribution Trend Since 1970’s = +7%