Coal Tit
Animals, Birds

Scientific name: Parus ater

Coal Tits are small tits of coniferous woodland mainly, although they will also appear in parks and gardens where there are conifer trees. they nest in holes in trees, but are just as happy to use nestboxes as substitutes. Tits are active feeders, hunting out insects and spiders amongst the smaller branches of trees in woodlands. But they are also well-adapted to gardens and towns and will visit birdtables and feeders. In winter, they will form flocks with other tits, roaming woodlands and gardens. Coal Tits have a song of repeated phrases: ‘situi’ and ‘tsevi’.

Location:
England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
Specific name:
Parus ater
Height:
Length: 12cm Wingspan: 19cm
Weight:
9g
Population:
Common.

How to identify the Coal Tit?

Coal Tits are grey above, buff below, with white cheeks, a black cap and a white neck patch. Coal Tits can be distinguished from the similar Marsh and Willow Tits by their white wingbars and white patch at the back of the head. Marsh and Willow Tits have plain wings and entirely black caps.

How can I help?

You can help to look after Coal Tits and other garden birds by providing food and water for them – it doesn’t matter if you have a big garden or live in a high-rise flat, there are plenty of feeders, baths and food choices out there to suit all kinds of situations.